What is pseudogout?
Pseudogout is a form of arthritis that can cause by sudden, sharp,painful swelling in one or more of your joints. These episodes can last for days or weeks. The most commonly affected joint is the knee but it can also happen within the big toe joint.
Calcium pyrophosphate deposition disease or CPPD, was coined for the condition’s similarity to gout. Crystal deposits within a joint cause both conditions, although the type of crystal differs for each condition.
What are the symptoms of pseudogout?
Pseudogout most commonly affects the knees. Less often, wrists and ankles are involved. In many cases, there are no symptoms. However, during a pseudogout attack, the affected joints are usually: Red, hot, swollen big toe. This again is very similar to regular gout but the crystal type is different.
What are the causes of pseudogout?
Pseudogout has been linked to the presence of calcium pyrophosphate dihydrate crystals within the affected joint. These crystals become more numerous as people age, appearing in nearly half the population older than age 85. But most people who have these crystal deposits never develop pseudogout.
What is the treatment for pseudogout?
Treatment for pseudogout involves decreasing inflammation the area of the foot that is painful. Applying ice to the area just before the site of pain can result in an anti-inflammatory affect on the red, hot, swollen, site. Taking NSAIDs such as colchicine or ibuprofen will also help with inflammation. Staying off of the foot does help so that the symptoms do not become worse. Cortisone shots to the area will aid in decreasing pain and inflammation to the area of concern. Finally, drainage of the site can be done by needle aspiration. The doctor will numb up the skin around the are aof pain with local anesthetic and then will introduce the biopsy needle to aspirate the area of concern.